Far from a distant threat, climate change is already a crisis, contributing to extreme weather events and more frequent and intense disasters, resulting in death and mass destruction, driving families from their homes, and impacting food security and livelihoods. The climate crisis is a humanitarian crisis, and the cost of inaction is shocking. Only a massive boost in collective climate mitigation and climate adaptation measures can alleviate the current and future humanitarian consequences.

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This toolkit brings together information on key concepts, diagnostic tools and guidance for determining whether shock-responsive social protection is appropriate in a given context, and the factors that might influence its effectiveness. It is aimed at social protection, humanitarian and disaster risk management professionals who are interested in pursuing better responses to emergencies, including in fragile and conflict-affected settings. This toolkit will help readers to:

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Globally, the number, duration, and size of disasters and crises are on the rise. At the same time, the cost of emergency responses has been increasing, thus exerting further pressure on already limited resources. Concurrently, there is growing global recognition of the need to leverage existing resources to respond to shocks – as reflected in Grand Bargain commitments.

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This study explores how disaster risk reduction (DRR) initiatives and projects are being linked with conflict prevention, ‘do no harm’ principles and peacebuilding efforts to show that it is possible to mitigate against natural hazards, while also seeking to reduce the risk of conflict. The study also strikes a note of caution that, while DRR is possible, it requires long-term, dedicated effort and continuous monitoring.

 
 
 
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The Japan-World Bank Program for Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Management in Developing Countries (Program) has been operational since 2014 with support by the Government of Japan. Its main goal is to mainstream disaster risk management (DRM) into national development planning and investment programs, through World Bank operation. The Program also strives to connect Japanese and global expertise in DRM with developing countries.

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Strengthening capacity on risk informed and shock responsive social protection in ASEAN

This DFID-funded study on Shock-Responsive Social Protection Systems strengthens the evidence base as to when and how social protection systems can better scale up in response to shocks in low-income countries and fragile and conflict-affected states, thus reducing the need for separate humanitarian responses. The key research question is: 'What are the constraints to social protection systems being more responsive to shocks, and, conversely, what factors would enable social protection systems to become more responsive to shocks?'.

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This DFID-funded study on Shock-Responsive Social Protection Systems strengthens the evidence base as to when and how social protection systems can better scale up in response to shocks in low-income countries and fragile and conflict-affected states, thus reducing the need for separate humanitarian responses.

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The South-South Learning Forum (SSLF) is the flagship event of the World Bank Group's Social Protection and Jobs Global Practice. Since its launch, the event has brought together more than 1,300 policy makers and practitioners from more than 100 developing countries to share and advance global knowledge and practice on social protection. The Forum was held from February 19-22 at the Inter Continental Hotel in Frankfurt, Germany. This Forum was attended by more than 250 people from more than 68 countries.

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How can social protection systems be used in disasters, as a complement to, or substitute for, humanitarian assistance? Oxford Policy Management led a two-year research project investigating this question, looking at the role of social protection in both mitigating the impact of large-scale shocks and supporting households after a crisis hits. We identify factors that can help and hinder effective disaster response, and consider how social protection actors collaborate with others working in humanitarian assistance and disaster risk management (DRM).

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