Adaptive social protection

"Adaptive social protection was, at the outset, conceptualised as ‘a series of measures which aim to build resilience of the poorest and most vulnerable people to climate change by combining elements of social protection, disaster risk reduction and climate change’ (Arnall et al. 2010 cited in World Bank 2018). Since then, it has come to be understood as entailing the need to better adapt social protection to all types of shocks (World Bank 2018)."

Agriculture and rural development

“In the perspective of rural development, agriculture has a lead role to play in the economic welfare of a region due to its impact on different sectors: economic (income), social (employment, quality of life, health) and environmental (landscape, biodiversity, preservation of natural resources, and carbon sequestration), in addition to its importance as a provider of primary raw materials for the food and other industries (foodstuffs, fibres, bio-fuels, and timber).” Source: FAO 2006. ' The...


"Acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) is a term which applies to the most advanced stages of HIV infection. It is defined by the occurrence of any of more than 20 opportunistic infections or HIV-related cancers". Source: WHO 2016. ‘ What is AIDS? ’.


An emergency response can be deliberately designed to align with another (actual or future) social protection programme or system. Where the country systems are not mature or do not penetrate across the entire country, there have been examples where humanitarian projects have been designed explicitly with the expectation that the projects could evolve and mature over time into fully fledged, national social protection systems (e.g. the Cadre Commun sur les Filets Sociaux in Mali, and the Urban...

Asset Accumulation

"Asset accumulation is an increase in assets, and saving leads to asset accumulation as long as saving is greater than dissaving." Source: Beverly, Moore, & Schreiner 2001. ‘ A Framework of Asset-Accumulation Stages and Strategies ’.